World Hunger Crisis: 2.3 billion people will suffer from severe or moderate hunger in 2021, according to UN – National

World hunger rose in 2021 and some 2.3 billion people faced moderate or severe difficulty getting enough to eat — and that was before the Ukraine war, which has caused the cost of grain to soar, according to a UN report released Wednesday. Fertilizer and energy has led .

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World paints a bleak picture, based on 2021 data, and says the statistics “should dispel any lingering doubts that the world is improving in its efforts to reduce hunger, food insecurity and overall malnutrition.” finish, backwards moves its forms.”

“The latest available evidence suggests that the number of people who cannot afford a healthy diet has increased by 112 million worldwide to nearly 3.1 billion, reflecting the impact of rising consumer food prices during the (COVID 19) pandemic,” said the heads of five UN agencies that published the report cited in the foreword.

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The world faces a ‘catastrophe’ over food shortages, UN chief warns

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They warned that the war in Ukraine, which began on February 24, “is disrupting supply chains and further affecting grain, fertilizer and energy prices,” leading to further price hikes in the first half of 2022. At the same time, they said more frequent and extreme climate events are also disrupting supply chains, particularly in low-income countries.

Ukraine and Russia together account for almost a third of world wheat and barley exports and half of sunflower oil, while Russia and its ally Belarus are the world’s second and third largest producers of potash, a key ingredient in fertilizer.

“The global spikes in food, fuel and fertilizer prices we are seeing as a result of the crisis in Ukraine threatened to plunge countries around the world into starvation,” World Food Program Executive Director David Beasley said at a UN event Presentation of the report. “The result will be global destabilization, hunger and mass migration on an unprecedented scale.”

He said in an online briefing that WFP’s latest analysis shows “a record 345 million acutely hungry people are marching to the brink of starvation” and “an astounding 50 million people in 45 countries are just one step away from starvation.” “.

There is a real risk that the number of people affected by famine will increase in the coming months, Beasley said, urging world leaders “to act today to avert this impending catastrophe.” .

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According to the report, the estimated 2.3 billion people affected by moderate or severe “food insecurity” in 2021 rose to about 924 million.

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The United Nations are warning of an impending hunger crisis with no end in sight to the Ukraine war

UN warns of impending hunger crisis with no end in sight to Ukraine war – June 3, 2022

The prevalence of “malnutrition” – in which food intake is insufficient to support an active and healthy life – is used to measure hunger. Malnutrition continued to rise in 2021, and the report estimates between 702 million and 828 million people went hungry last year.

According to the report, hunger continued to rise in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean in 2021, but at a slower rate than in 2019-2020.

“In 2021, hunger affected 278 million people in Africa, 425 million in Asia and 56.5 million in Latin America and the Caribbean,” it said.

The UN Development Goals call for ending extreme poverty and hunger by 2030, but the report says projections indicate that 8% of the world’s population – nearly 670 million people – will face hunger by the end of the decade. That is the same number as in 2015, when the goals were adopted.

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The gender gap in food insecurity, which has widened during the COVID-19 pandemic, has widened even further from 2020 to 2021, the report said.

Largely driven by increasing disparities in Latin America and the Caribbean and Asia, it said that “in 2021, 31.9% of the world’s women were moderately or severely food insecure, compared to 27.6% of men.”

In 2020, the report said, an estimated 22% of children under the age of 5 _ or 149 million _ had stunted growth and development, while 6.7% _ or 45 million _ suffered from wasting, the deadliest form of malnutrition. At the other end of the scale, 5.7% of youth under the age of 5, or 39 million, were overweight.

“Looking ahead, the gains we have made in reducing the prevalence of child stunting by a third over the past two decades – resulting in 55 million fewer children with stunting – will be amplified by the triple crisis of climate, conflict and the COVID-19 crisis. 19 pandemic,” said the five heads of UN agencies. “Without increased efforts, the number of wasted children will only increase.”

The heads of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Food Programme, the UN Children’s Fund, the World Health Organization and the International Fund for Agricultural Development said the worsening of these three crises, combined with growing inequalities, required “bolder action” to deal with future shocks to become.

Given the significantly downward revised forecasts for global economic growth in 2022, the five agencies expected more limited financial resources to invest in “agrifood systems” – the production, handling, transportation, processing, distribution, marketing and consumption of agricultural products Products.

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But agency chiefs said the nearly $630 billion that governments spend annually to support food and agriculture worldwide can be invested “equitably and sustainably in agri-food systems.”

Currently, they said, “a significant portion of this support distorts market prices, is environmentally destructive and harms small-scale producers and indigenous peoples, while failing to provide healthy food to children and others who need it most.”

The agency’s five heads said evidence shows that when governments reallocate resources to prioritize food consumers and incentivize the production and supply of nutritious food, “they will help make healthy eating less costly and more affordable.” to make everyone more affordable”.

The report said a key recommendation is “that governments begin to reconsider how they can reallocate their existing public budgets to make them more cost-effective and efficient by reducing the cost of nutritious food and increasing the availability and affordability of healthy food.” raise”.

WFP’s Beasley called for an urgent political solution that would allow Ukrainian wheat and grains to re-enter global markets, substantial new funding for humanitarian agencies to deal with “explosive hunger” around the world, governments to Resisting protectionism and keeping trade flowing, and investing to help the poorest countries protect themselves from hunger and other shocks.

“If we had successfully threaded that needle in the past,” he said, “the war in Ukraine would not have such a devastating global impact today.”

© 2022 The Canadian Press World Hunger Crisis: 2.3 billion people will suffer from severe or moderate hunger in 2021, according to UN – National


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