What is osteoarthritis? Symptoms of joint condition and treatment


More than 10 million people in the UK suffer from arthritis or similar conditions affecting the joints.

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But what are the different types of arthritis and what are the symptoms?

Here’s what you need to know.

What is osteoarthritis?

Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint.

Arthritis affects people of all ages, including children.

What types of arthritis are there?

Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two most common types of arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in the UK, affecting almost nine million people.

It develops most commonly in people in their mid-40s or older, and is also more common in women and people with a family history of the disorder.

However, it can occur at any age as a result of an injury or be associated with other joint diseases such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis first affects the smooth cartilage lining of the joint, making movement more difficult than usual and leading to pain and stiffness.

The most commonly affected joints are those of the hands, spine, knees and hips.

Rheumatoid arthritis affects more than 400,000 people in the UK and often begins when a person is in their 40s and 50s.

Females are also three times more likely to be affected than males.

In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks the affected joints, causing pain and swelling.

People with rheumatoid arthritis can also develop problems with other tissues and organs in their body.

What are the Symptoms of Arthritis?

The symptoms you experience will vary depending on the type of arthritis you have, but it’s important to have an accurate diagnosis if you have:

  • Joint pain, tenderness and stiffness
  • Inflammation in and around the joints
  • limited mobility of the joints
  • warm red skin over the affected joint
  • weakness and muscle wasting

How is osteoarthritis treated?

There is no cure for arthritis, but there are many treatments that can help slow it down, according to the NHS. What is osteoarthritis? Symptoms of joint condition and treatment


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