The President has limited power to deny requests from Congress and the courts for information about internal White House negotiations and discussions. The privilege is supposed to provide a safe space for presidents to get candid advice from aides without fear that they will later be called to testify. Although U.S. presidents have claimed the right to secrecy in the face of requests from Congress almost since the founding of the republic, the U.S. Supreme Court recognized the privilege for the first time. executive action in 1974 after the Watergate scandal, when President Richard Nixon, declaring absolute protection of all presidential communications, attempted to withhold tape recordings of Oval Office meetings. and other evidence requested by a special prosecutor. Even in dismissing Nixon’s particular argument, the court agreed that a president is generally concerned with maintaining White House secrecy.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/what-are-contempt-of-congress-and-executive-privilege/2021/11/12/9e8cef62-4419-11ec-9404-50a28a88b9cd_story.html?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=wp_business | What is contempt of Congress and Executive Privilege?