Bad news: There’s no secret ingredient or miracle utility that can make scars disappear completely. However, do not be discouraged. Some of the best acne scar treatments can significantly reduce the discoloration and texture that blemishes can leave behind.
Before diving into the solutions, let’s sort out the basics of acne scarring. For starters, a lot of what you might think is Acne Scars actually Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or erythema – brown or red spots – rather than a permanent change in the skin’s texture. “Scars and discoloration occur as a result of damage to the skin, and in the case of acne, the damage is related to excess oil production, inflammation, and inflammation,” says the board-certified dermatologist. bacteria”. Marisa Garshick, MD, who is based in New York City. She also notes that as skin tries to repair itself after a breakout, it can leave a red, pink, tan, or brown mark, depending on the defect and individual skin tone.
“Scarring breakouts often have dead skin cells, oil, bacteria, fluid, and white blood cells in them,” explains the Boston-based board-certified dermatologist. Papri SarkarMD “These take up space by stretching the skin and causing inflammation that can disrupt the pores they’re in and the surrounding skin.”
What are the different types of acne scars?
Because of its inflammatory and bacterial aspects, post-acne inflammatory hyperpigmentation is considered a category of its own in the world of discoloration and scarring. “This is different from sun spots or hyperpigmentation which are the result of an increase in melanin pigment due to UV exposure and environmental stressors – [both of which can] Dr. Sarkar explains: damage caused by free radicals can manifest as brown spots.
If the original pimple is warped too much, it can cause a pitted scar. Or on the other end of the texture spectrum, “when a pimple heals a bit, you may get some excess skin that forms a bump or a keloid,” says Dr. Sarkar. “Either way, acne scars cause texture changes that leave hills and valleys on the face that upset people very much.”
Acne scars are slightly different from other pigmentation and texture changes. Many people can have acne without any structural changes or secretions. “The lesions that tend to form scars are those that are really inflamed or really large,” says Dr. Sarkar. She notes that pimples that are deeper, more painful, and have a lot of substance in them tend to leave marks or crusts. Dr Sakar adds: “The more severe the acne, the more likely your skin is to develop acne scars.
What is the best treatment for acne scars?
Fortunately, there is a wide range of gels, creams, and treatments that can reduce discoloration caused by acne. Dr. Sarkar says that collagen-building ingredients in general will help with acne scars, so she will retinoids, vitamin C, and alpha hydroxy acid (AHAs) when treating her patients.
“Retinoids, a derivative of vitamin A, help increase collagen production, even skin tone and prevent future breakouts,” she explains. “Vitamin C is a skin-lightening agent and an antioxidant, and it’s also been shown to help build collagen. Glycolic, lactic, and mandelic acid to help resurface skin to even out skin tone. ”
Can I remove acne scars permanently?
Dr. Garshick says the ability to remove acne scars often depends on the type of scar and the extent of the scar. “For example, faint discoloration can fade over time and can certainly be improved with topical treatments alone, while ‘ice’ dark scars won’t go away. [just] topicals,” she said.
It’s best to approach acne scars with a variety of treatment modalities that address different components, so work with your dermatologist to choose the best regimen for your scar extent. .
In addition to the ingredients mentioned above that you should add to your scar reduction regimen, Miami-based board-certified dermatologist Annie GonzalezMD, equally emphasizes what to avoid when treating acne scars. She directs her patients to avoid using cleansers and toners that contain alcohol, which, she says, can dry out the skin and cause the sebaceous glands to produce more oil to compensate, thus causing acne. and can lead to scarring.
“It’s important to note that using too many treatments at once, using extractions on their own, and Over-exfoliating “Doing these things can cause inflammation, which leads to new breakouts,” says Gonzalez. In addition, the skin may become red, which can accentuate the appearance of [existing] Acne.”
Record what ingredients to look for when searching best acne scar treatment, we asked several dermatologists to recommend the most effective products for reducing dark spots left by acne. Scroll to see their top picks.
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