The Taliban delegation to Jalalabad in the summertime of 1996 was a dour bunch of previous males who took their meals collectively at a protracted desk within the eating room of the Spinghar resort. They have been there to barter the give up of Jalalabad and I used to be there to doc the final stand of the Afghan authorities, such because it was, so there have been some onerous stares throughout the breakfast buffet. Then we might all exit and face the jet engine warmth of the day.
Every week later I used to be driving via Kabul when a Taliban gunner opened up on us with a machine gun. (The Taliban already harbored Osama bin Laden and different al-Qaida figures in Afghanistan, however the Islamic State was not but in existence.) My driver cranked a U-turn and roared again up the ruined boulevard. “We hate these individuals,” he mentioned, “however they promise to wash up corruption, and so we are going to allow them to into our nation.” The Taliban claimed Kabul weeks after I obtained out, hanging President Najibullah from a streetlight for corruption and finishing their three-year marketing campaign to ascertain an Islamic authorities in Afghanistan. From there, I used to be advised by a captured Taliban fighter, they deliberate to wage jihad throughout Southeast Asia and ultimately the world.
The one a part of the nation that by no means fell to the Taliban, nonetheless, was the rugged northeastern quadrant managed by ethnic Tajiks beneath the command of legendary guerilla fighter Ahmad Shah Massoud. Within the fall of 2000, 4 years into the Taliban reign, I made my manner from Tajikistan into the “free” areas of Badakhshan Province, the place I spent two months alongside Massoud and his commanders. I watched Massoud play a superb and determined chess sport in opposition to the vastly superior Taliban forces, holding floor and even liberating new areas. Massoud warned me that Pakistan—supposedly a U.S. ally—was straight supporting the Taliban, and that al-Qaida was planning an enormous assault on the West within the coming 12 months.
Massoud repeated these warnings to the French Congress in Paris the next April, however nobody took it critically. On September 9, 2001, Massoud was assassinated by al-Qaida suicide bombers, and two days later, hijacked airplanes flew into the Pentagon and the Twin Towers. A fourth aircraft was alleged to take out the Capitol constructing in Washington and successfully decapitate the U.S. authorities, however passengers bravely compelled it down right into a area in Pennsylvania. One month later I used to be again in Afghanistan, and my nation was at conflict.
After weeks of surprisingly lackadaisical bombing by American planes, Massoud’s Northern Alliance surged throughout the Shomali Plain towards Kabul. Tanks and pickup vans and bicycles and males on foot converged on the 2 foremost roads main into town and streamed southwards, combating as they went. On November 13 we walked into town at daybreak previous a clutch of lifeless Taliban fighters who lay vacant and twisted in a pile by the facet of the highway, executed hours earlier. The residents of Kabul have been dancing within the streets and flying kites and carrying radios that blared Indian pop music. A younger boy sailed by on a motorcycle enjoying harmonica, and a person got here up and hugged me when he discovered I used to be American. I had all the time wished to see a metropolis liberated, and my want had lastly been fulfilled. Not solely that, nevertheless it was my very own nation that had accomplished the liberating; I felt a heat infusion of nationwide pleasure.
Many People are actually fond of claiming, knowingly, that the conflict was unwinnable as a result of it’s Afghanistan—graveyard of empires, a rugged land crammed with proud people who find themselves blissful to struggle to the loss of life. However that sort of breezy dismissal simply permits us to keep away from the embarrassing dialog about what truly went flawed. America had overwhelming navy superiority, the approval of over 80% of Afghans polled in 2004, and the sympathy of your entire worldwide group after the assaults of 9/11. The dimensions of these assaults additionally gave us the sort of authorized, ethical, and strategic justifications that have been totally missing in Korea and Vietnam. If there may very well be a positive factor in warfare, this was it—and we blew it.
https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2021/08/a-vast-criminal-racket-sebastian-junger-on-how-the-us-corrupted-afghanistan | Sebastian Junger on How the U.S. Corrupted Afghanistan