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Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for kids aged 5-11: Timeline to FDA clearance and more

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To date, most hostile responses to the coronavirus vaccine have been allergic reactions that have been handled instantly by medical professionals.


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For essentially the most up-to-date information and details about the coronavirus pandemic, go to the WHO and CDC web sites.

Getting youthful youngsters vaccinated in opposition to COVID-19 is now on the trail towards actuality. On Monday, Pfizer stated its vaccine is safe and effective for children ages 5 to 11. It might nonetheless take weeks or months earlier than the vaccine receives emergency authorization from the Meals and Drug Administration and longer nonetheless till any type of formal approval, as a part of the FDA’s course of.

After youngsters returned to the classroom in August, the US noticed its largest wave of COVID-19 circumstances in kids in comparison with any level within the pandemic, in keeping with information collected by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Kids’s Hospital Affiliation. Per a Sept. 2 report, there have been over 750,000 new child cases between Aug. 5 and Sept. 2. The determine has since dropped to roughly 243,000 new circumstances as of the most recent Sept. 9 report.

In August, Pfizer got full approval from the FDA for its mRNA vaccine in individuals aged 16 and older (the vaccine nonetheless has an emergency use authorization in place for teenagers as younger as age 12). Some assume that having a coronavirus vaccine with full FDA approval will pave the way in which for native governments, companies and colleges to mandate vaccines for employees, however for now, that also leaves younger kids out.

Specialists aren’t sure if it is the extra contagious delta variant making extra kids sick or the relief or total stop of public well being measures — comparable to masks mandates and social distancing — that depart these with out immunity at greater threat. Luckily, kids stay at a a lot decrease threat of extreme illness and loss of life from COVID-19 in comparison with adults general. (Of states that reported to the AAP, about 0.1% to 1.9% of kid COVID-19 circumstances resulted in hospitalization.)

Dr. Anne Liu, an infectious illness specialist with Stanford Hospital and Clinics and the Lucile Packard Kids’s Hospital, says that the dearth of good data on pediatric circumstances is as a result of not everyone seems to be getting examined and tracked. 

“It’s stunning a variety of households to see simply how sick youngsters can get with COVID,” Liu stated.

Whether or not you might have youngsters at dwelling who’re sufficiently old to get a COVID-19 vaccine, otherwise you need to be ready for when your little ones are eligible, we made a information of what specialists know now about kids and coronavirus vaccines. 

Learn extra: Pfizer COVID-19 third shot: FDA panel rejects boosters for general public

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If somebody has a historical past of anaphylaxis or extreme allergic response, they are going to be requested to attend half-hour after getting a COVID-19 shot as a substitute of 15.


Sarah Tew/CNET

When can youngsters get a COVID-19 vaccine?

Youngsters age 12 and older have been eligible for the Pfizer vaccine since May. The FDA gave Pfizer emergency use authorization for teenagers aged 12 to fifteen after a scientific trial discovered the vaccine is protected and efficient in that group. Pfizer says its vaccine is now protected and efficient for children between ages 5 and 11 but it surely might want to get FDA emergency authorization, which might take months.

The opposite mRNA vaccine, Moderna, and the one single-dose vaccine on the US market, Johnson & Johnson, aren’t available to kids yet.

Scientific trials for Moderna and Pfizer vaccines in younger children are underway. At an Axios occasion in Could, President Joe Biden’s chief medical adviser, Dr. Anthony Fauci, stated that kids at the very least as younger as 4 may be eligible for a COVID-19 on the “finish of the calendar 12 months” or in early 2022. 

Does Pfizer’s full FDA approval prolong to youngsters?

The FDA’s approval of Pfizer and its accomplice, BioNTech, solely applies to youngsters aged 16 to 18. Whereas Pfizer stays the one vaccine maker licensed to be used in youngsters as younger as 12 years previous, vaccinating that age group continues to be beneath emergency use authorization fairly than whole approval. It is because, together with different elements, full FDA approval requires information on how the vaccine fares six months out, per NPR. Pfizer’s vaccine was solely licensed for kids aged 12 to 15 in Could.

My little one has allergic reactions. Can they get the vaccine?

“If the kid has a historical past of anaphylaxis or different extreme allergic reactions, then the statement time after the injection could also be half-hour as a substitute of 15,” Liu says. So, you may be requested to stay across the ready room along with your little one for an additional quarter-hour the place well being care suppliers can monitor vaccine recipients for the (extremely rare) allergic response that may happen after any vaccination. Moreover, Liu says, kids who’re prescribed an EpiPen for any cause ought to convey it to their vaccine appointment. 

In case your little one has a extreme allergy to any of the elements within the vaccine out there to them, they should not take it, in keeping with the World Health Organization. Adults allergic to any ingredient a COVID-19 additionally should not take that vaccine. Discover the ingredients for Pfizer on the FDA reality sheet, in addition to Moderna’s components.

Can my little one get the COVID-19 shot concurrently different vaccines?

Sure, in keeping with the CDC, your child may get different vaccines after they go in for his or her coronavirus shot with out ready 14 days between appointments.

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Moderna is testing its vaccine on kids aged 12 by way of 17.


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Ought to I fear about myocarditis? 

Myocarditis and pericarditis, or irritation within the coronary heart, is a really rare side effect linked to Moderna and Pfizer vaccines principally in males beneath 30 and following the second dose. After taking a look at information and weighing the dangers and advantages, the CDC nonetheless recommends everybody, together with kids as younger as 12, get vaccinated. In keeping with a Washington Post report, the CDC and FDA are trying into Canadian information that implies Moderna would possibly carry the next threat of myocarditis than Pfizer, primarily in younger individuals. 

When circumstances of myocarditis have occurred, Liu says, the circumstances have usually responded to remedy and resolved themselves, even when sufferers have been hospitalized for a day or two. 

“COVID-19 an infection can have rather more severe penalties for the guts than the vaccine,” Liu says.

The CDC recommends talking to a health care provider about when to return to sports activities or train after getting vaccinated. The federal government in Singapore, the place 70% of the population is absolutely vaccinated, recommends individuals, particularly adolescents, chorus from strenuous exercise for per week after their second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. 

If I am pregnant or breastfeeding, can I get vaccinated?

Sure, in keeping with the CDC, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine. The CDC joined the ACOG and the SMFM in its assertion that the out there information exhibits that COVID-19 vaccines are protected for pregnant individuals, breastfeeding individuals and those that want to be pregnant in the future.

The CDC referred to preliminary information that confirmed there was no increased risk of miscarriage amongst those that bought an mRNA vaccine earlier than the twentieth week of being pregnant, in comparison with those that did not get vaccinated earlier than 20 weeks. 

My little one cannot be vaccinated but. What ought to we do? 

When spending time with different households with kids, it is best if everybody continues to put on a masks, according to Harvard Health, and they need to isolate themselves if there’s an publicity. Moreover, selecting extra outside actions and avoiding crowds, even when open air, can assist defend your youngsters. Dad and mom and older siblings who’re vaccinated must also masks as much as stop breakthrough infections that may unfold to susceptible individuals who aren’t as protected, together with youngsters. 

The CDC has prioritized in-person learning for college kids this fall, and it has guidance on prevention strategies colleges ought to use to maintain college students and workers protected. As you put together to ship your youngsters again to high school, here is a listing of some COVID-friendly school supplies they may want.

Totally different areas of the nation have had various coronavirus public well being responses for colleges. California Gov. Gavin Newsom introduced lately teachers must be vaccinated in opposition to COVID-19, or check often, including to the rising variety of governments and businesses requiring vaccination. In Florida, Gov. Ron DeSantis stated that district superintendents’ and faculty board members’ salaries could be withheld in the event that they go in opposition to the manager order that bans masks mandates in colleges.

CNET Affiliate Author Katie Teague contributed to this text.

The knowledge contained on this article is for instructional and informational functions solely and isn’t supposed as well being or medical recommendation. All the time seek the advice of a doctor or different certified well being supplier relating to any questions you’ll have a few medical situation or well being aims.

https://www.cnet.com/well being/parenting/pfizer-covid-19-vaccine-for-kids-aged-5-11-timeline-to-fda-clearance-and-more/#ftag=CADf328eec | Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for teenagers aged 5-11: Timeline to FDA clearance and extra

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