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New lava lake lets DR Congo volcano ‘breathe’, experts say

After the eruption in late May, the disappearance of lava from the crater had sparked fears that it remained buried under Goma
After the eruption in late Might, the disappearance of lava from the crater had sparked fears that it remained buried beneath Goma.

The reappearance of a lava lake within the crater of the Nyiragongo volcano in jap DR Congo is an effective signal, consultants mentioned Sunday, 4 months after a significant eruption killed 32 individuals.

Nyiragongo’s eruption on Might 22-23 spewed out lava that buried properties in its wake, stopping simply in need of the northern outskirts of Goma, a metropolis of some 600,000 individuals.

Celestin Kasereka Mahinda, the scientific director of the Goma Volcanology Observatory, mentioned the “reappearance of the lava lake in Nyiragongo’s crater” dates from September 18.

“It isn’t a phenomenon that presents an imminent danger of a brand new eruption, however slightly a phenomenon that enables the volcano to breathe,” he advised AFP.

“It’s a pure signal. The looks of this lake of fireside within the crater will minimise earthquakes within the volcanic space of Goma.”

Nyiragongo, a strato-volcano almost 3,500 metres (11,500 toes) excessive, straddles the East African Rift tectonic divide.

Within the days following the eruption in Might, mighty tremors shook Goma, and scientists feared a uncommon however probably catastrophic event—a “limnic eruption” beneath close by Lake Kivu that might ship carbon dioxide gas, dissolved within the depths of the water, as much as the floor and suffocate everybody within the neighborhood.

The Democratic Republic of Congo authorities ordered the evacuation of 400,000 individuals as a precaution. The residents have largely returned since seismic activity fell again.

After the eruption, the disappearance of lava from the crater sparked fears that it remained buried beneath Goma.

“At the moment Nyiragongo discovered a method to breathe, which is an effective signal,” Mahinda mentioned.

“Worry would have continued if the volcanic chimney remained blocked.”

Within the earlier major eruption in 2002, round 100 individuals died and swathes of jap Goma have been destroyed.

Nyiragongo’s deadliest eruption, in 1977, claimed greater than 600 lives.


‘Limnic eruption’: DR Congo’s volcano nightmare


© 2021 AFP

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New lava lake lets DR Congo volcano ‘breathe’, consultants say (2021, September 26)
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https://phys.org/information/2021-09-lava-lake-dr-congo-volcano.html | New lava lake lets DR Congo volcano ‘breathe’, consultants say

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