In a latest research using a method known as X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, scientists found previously redacted phrases on eight letters between Marie Antoinette and the Swedish depend Axel Fersen, who was rumored to have been her lover. Additional evaluation revealed that the correspondence had been censored by Rely Fersen himself. The altered phrases, which included “beloved,” “adore,” and “madly,” have now sparked one thing of an argument: Are these recovered phrases further proof of an affair, or are they not?
The reply to it is a resounding sure. Simply to set the file straight, no queen, Marie Antoinette included, used a phrase like “beloved” calmly to a person aside from her husband. She might be punished for adultery, and even presumably executed, for doing so. That’s a reasonably large danger to take in case you don’t imply it, and it’s why Fersen, who stored copies of those letters and feared they could fall into the improper arms, edited these specific phrases.
It has lengthy been suspected that Marie Antoinette was in love with the Swedish depend. In 1779, her attraction to Fersen was so apparent that the Swedish ambassador famous that the queen couldn’t disguise her emotions in public. The diplomat was thrilled when his countryman left to combat within the American Revolution and a scandal was prevented. However after Fersen returned in 1783, there’s substantive proof of intimacy. The documentation consists of the change of secret letters, in addition to Fersen’s diary, which is crammed with entries detailing how a lot he cherished somebody named “Elle” (his code identify for the queen), however how he couldn’t wed her as a result of she was already married. However probably the most vital disclosures got here from the pinnacle of the royal guard at Versailles, the Comte de Saint-Priest, who reported that, when Fersen was on the town, he stayed over, usually for days at a time, at Marie Antoinette’s non-public sanctuary, the Petit Trianon, and that the king was conscious of the affair however the queen had someway gotten round him.
Then there are Marie Antoinette’s pregnancies. Earlier than the arrival of Fersen, it took her seven years to conceive her first little one, a daughter. Practically three years elapsed between the delivery of this primary woman and her subsequent little one, a son. This latter interval corresponds to the years that Fersen was away combating in America.
However inside a month of his return, she went from having two pregnancies in ten years to having three pregnancies in three years. The primary of those resulted in miscarriage, however the different two yielded first a son after which one other daughter, who died in infancy. The surviving boy bore a powerful resemblance, to not Louis XVI, however to Fersen. That is the kid who would die within the tower in the course of the Revolution, who’s as we speak generally known as Louis XVII. (Those that deny the affair level to a 2019 research by a French geneticist, who claimed to have established a genetic connection between Louis XVI and this second son by testing a hair presupposed to have been preserved since 1792. This identical scientist, clearly a busy man, can be the creator of a paper wherein he asserted that he had remoted the DNA of Jesus from a tunic and reconstructed his look.)
There’s further proof that the king and the queen didn’t spend an entire lot of time collectively and that Louis steadily ate and drank a lot that he turned virtually comatose and his servants needed to carry him to mattress. It’s troublesome to get somebody pregnant if you end up handed out all evening alone in your bed room.
As robust as this documentation is, till now it has all the time been rejected on the grounds that if all of this was true, Marie Antoinette will surely have been caught and punished. However X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy isn’t the one approach to yield new proof. Developments in neurology have made it doable to find out that Louis XVI was born with Autism Spectrum Dysfunction. Though extremely smart, he was unable to look anybody within the eye, had nice issue conversing, wanted to maintain to a rigorous schedule, and cried when upset. He additionally didn’t perceive the mechanics of conception till his spouse’s brother got here for a go to and defined it to him. Louis didn’t appear to wish intercourse. Marie Antoinette’s enemies threw girls at him, however he ignored them.
Autism additionally explains how the king might know in regards to the queen’s affair and never put a cease to it. Marie Antoinette was Louis’ emotional help. He wanted her.
“Fersen labored frantically till the day of her loss of life to avoid wasting her.”
Marie Antoinette acknowledged this. She cared about Louis and did all she might to guard him in the course of the Revolution. She would sacrifice her life on this effort. Nevertheless it was Fersen she cherished. The depend had a collection of mistresses, it’s true, however that was solely as a result of he couldn’t have her. He mentioned as a lot in his diary. Fersen labored frantically till the day of her loss of life to avoid wasting her. When these two wrote “beloved” and “adored” to one another, they meant it.
The redacted letters had been written between 1791 and 1792, close to the top, when Marie Antoinette was a prisoner in Paris. They’re merely extra proof of an affair that ought to have been written into the historical past books way back.
Nancy Goldstone is the creator of In the Shadow of the Empress: The Defiant Lives of Maria Theresa, Mother of Marie Antoinette, and Her Daughters, in addition to six earlier books together with Daughters of the Winter Queen: 4 Outstanding Sisters, the Crown of Bohemia, and the Enduring Legacy of Mary, Queen of Scots; The Rival Queens: Catherine de Medici, Her Daughter Marguerite de Valois, and the Betrayal that Ignited a Kingdom; The Maid and the Queen: The Secret Historical past of Joan of Arc; 4 Queens: The Provençal Sisters Who Dominated Europe; and The Girl Queen: The Infamous Reign of Joanna I, Queen of Naples, Jerusalem, and Sicily. She has additionally co-authored six books together with her husband, Lawrence Goldstone. She lives in Del Mar, California.
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