Lithuania struggles with migrant flood opened by Belarus

VEREBIEJAI, Lithuania (AP) — Mustafa Hussein Hamad kicked a grimy ball between two outdated tires within the schoolyard the place he spends most of his time. He and dozens of different migrants are fenced in at an old-fashioned after strolling at night time via the thick woods into Lithuania from neighboring Belarus.

“I paid 1,400 bucks after a buddy identified this new strategy to Europe,” stated the 20-year-old from Baghdad as he waited on the shabby two-story faculty housing 160 folks. Recounting his journey from Iraq for a greater life within the European Union, he added: “They stated it’s a good shortcut by aircraft to Minsk.”

The constructing is considered one of many services that Lithuania rapidly transformed to carry a whole lot of individuals from the Center East and Africa — a flood that officers within the Baltic nation say was unleashed by Belarusian authorities in a “hybrid warfare” towards the EU.

Day by day arrivals typically attain triple digits as migrants cross the frontier and seem within the woods in entrance of Lithuanian border guards, encounter locals choosing mushrooms, or just stroll into cities. Greater than 1,700 have arrived in current weeks, in contrast with solely 80 for all of 2020.

Lithuania says the inflow is an act of retaliation by Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. For the reason that authoritarian chief’s reelection to a sixth time period in an August 2020 vote that the West denounced as rigged, he has cracked down on opposition protests in his nation.

In Might, Belarus diverted a passenger jet to Minsk to arrest a dissident journalist, and the EU responded to what it deemed an act of air piracy with powerful sanctions. Lukashenko, in flip, ordered a halt to cooperation with the EU on stemming unlawful migration.

“If some assume that we’ll shut our borders with Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Ukraine and turn into a camp for folks fleeing Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya and Tunisia, they’re mistaken,” he stated final week. “We gained’t maintain anybody. They’re coming to not us however to enlightened, heat and comfy Europe.”


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On the identical time, authorities in Minsk have barred most Belarusian residents from leaving the nation.

The migrants on the faculty in Verebiejai, a village about 140 kilometers (85 miles) west of Vilnius, are beneath police surveillance and are not allowed to depart. Some examined optimistic for COVID-19 and have been isolating inside.

On Tuesday, six migrants fled a compound within the close by Lazdijai district, triggering a search by police with canines and helicopters.

Like different Iraqis, Hamad used an company that organized direct flights to Minsk.

“The aircraft was full,” he stated.

Iraqi Airways has two flights per week to Minsk on Boeing 747s that may maintain as much as 500 passengers. Its web site confirmed {that a} flight Wednesday is full, as are the following two.

As soon as in Minsk, Hamad stated he and others have been taken to a resort the place their passports have been seized. 4 days later, automobiles picked them up in teams of three.

“The motive force spoke Kurdish. He dropped us at nightfall in the course of the forest and pointed within the course in the direction of the European Union,” Hamad stated.

One other Iraqi, Haidar al-Garawg, stated he paid $1,500 to succeed in Minsk and had hiked with others via a forest and even a swamp, “however we saved strolling via the water.”

“We confronted wild animals and all different issues. I believed we’re going to die in that forest. However because of God! He saved us and made it potential for us to reach right here,” al-Garawg stated.

Not one of the 160 housed on the Verebiejai faculty has a passport. Some say they misplaced their paperwork on their trek, whereas others say they have been confiscated in Belarus.

Lithuanian authorities are utilizing the migrants’ telephones to determine them whereas overwhelmed regional courts course of their asylum functions.

On Tuesday, Lithuania’s parliament handed laws to hurry up deportations of these crossing the border illegally. Critics say this would possibly violate their human rights, however the authorities and lawmakers dismiss that.

“That is an excessive state of affairs,” Inside Minister Agne Bilotaite stated. “This isn’t a traditional migration, it’s not a traditional migration path. It’s a hybrid warfare towards us, so the response have to be sufficient.”

Overseas Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis will go to Turkey and Iraq this week to attempt to open repatriation channels for these denied asylum in Lithuania.

Frontex, the EU’s border company, has pledged to bolster its help “as a result of rising migratory stress on the border with Belarus.” New sections of barbed wire fence have been erected this month, with plans to speculate 41 million euros ($48 million) to strengthen all the 678-kilometer (421-mile) border with Belarus.

Lithuanian Prime Minister Ingrida Simonyte stated that by encouraging the circulate of migrants, Lukashenko is in search of to stress her nation’s infrastructure and politics.

“The organized mass immigration is revenge,” she advised The Related Press.

“Immigrants are getting used not solely by criminals but additionally by regimes,” Simonyte stated. “This can be a nice pity that I really feel for them as a result of they’re instrumentalized for the sake of those that don’t care about folks.”

Belarusian opposition chief Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, who ran towards Lukashenko and fled to Lithuania beneath official stress in Minsk, shares Simonyte’s view.

“It’s clearly an try of revenge by (Lukashenko’s) regime to Lithuania and the entire European Union for his or her help of the civil society in Belarus,” she stated.

Simonyte charged that Russian President Vladimir Putin used related ways in 2016, encouraging migrants to cross into Norway and Finland. Russia denied the allegations on the time.

“Putin and Lukashenko actually don’t care about folks from Iraq or African international locations. They only wish to use them as a instrument to extend stress on the EU and doubtlessly encourage unhealthy political debates,” she stated.

Belarusian opposition activist Pavel Latushka alleged {that a} current Lukashenko decree providing visa-free entry to Belarus for nationals from 73 international locations to get vaccinated towards COVID-19 was aimed toward growing the migrant flood. He stated a particular unit of the Belarusian border company was taking migrants to the Lithuanian border and serving to them cross in frivolously guarded areas.

Belarus’ Border Guard Committee would not remark.

Simonyte stated the migrant inflow “simply triggers some folks” in Europe, particularly these on the far proper.

“Even when there aren’t any robust such events within the nation, there are actions and a few of them are financially linked to the sources from the identical regime,” she stated.

Verebiejai residents expressed fear over the migrants.

“We all know very nicely what’s going to observe these first birds,” farmer Jonas Bredikis stated. “We don’t wish to see horrible issues right here which are occurring in France, Spain and elsewhere.”

An anti-migrant group of greater than 50 automobiles organized final weekend within the Raigardas border district was turned away by police. Extra actions are deliberate, and social media was buzzing with warnings of “potential threats.” Within the port of Klaipeda, tenants in a single condo constructing organized a rally after rumors unfold that a whole lot of migrants can be housed of their neighborhood — a declare that proved false.

As he handed the time by watching a household of storks nesting on a pole on the faculty in Verebiejai, Hamad stated the birds reminded him of these he used to see close to his dwelling in Iraq, “however now they’re gone.”

Of his personal journey, he stated: “I left as a result of this can be a likelihood for a brand new life.”


Related Press author Yuras Karmanau contributed to this report from Kyiv, Ukraine.


Observe AP tales on migration at

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