Indigenous artists keep birch bark biting alive

Referred to as mazinibaganjigan, footage bitten on bark, or birch bark transparencies, birch bark biting has existed since “precontact days,” earlier than White individuals landed in North America. White settlers took notice of the craft: In 1687, a Jesuit missionary in Quebec despatched “items of bark, on which figures have been marked by tooth,” in a field together with different “curiosities” certain for France. In 1855, when German author Johann Georg Kohl visited an Ojibwe village in what’s now Backyard Village, Ontario, he described “fairly figures of each description which they contrive to chunk on the bark with their tooth.” Birch bark biter Angélique Marte gave Kohl a “specimen of her tooth carving” — a determine of a woman, a flower bouquet and a tomahawk. Kohl known as it “beaux arts.” His up to date, geographer and ethnologist Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, known as it “dental pictography.” | Indigenous artists maintain birch bark biting alive


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