How many British Prime Ministers have served Queen Elizabeth II?

Her Majesty was served by many Prime Ministers during her time as Queen – including two female Prime Ministers, Margaret Thatcher and Theresea May

Your Majesty ascended the throne in 1952 after the death of her father King George VIwhich means that she has now reigned for 70 years.

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It’s no surprise, then, that she was served by more United Kingdom prime minister than any other British monarch.

But how many prime ministers has Queen Elizabeth the second were served and who are they?

Here’s what you need to know.

How many British Prime Ministers served the Queen?

The Queen has been served by 14 British Prime Ministers including Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher and more recently Boris Johnson.

Who are the Prime Ministers and what was the Queen’s relationship with each of them?

Each of the Prime Ministers served the Queen for a different time, and she also had different relationships with all of them.

Winston Churchill

After taking office in October 1951, Winston Churchill had only been Prime Minister for a few months when the then 25-year-old Queen Elizabeth II ascended the throne in February 1952.

Churchill is believed to be the Queen’s favorite of all the Prime Ministers who have served her.

When he retired in April 1955, the Queen reportedly sent him a handwritten letter, telling him how much she missed him and that no successor “will ever be able for me to take the place of my first Prime Minister to whom both my husband and I owe so much and for whose wise guidance I shall always be deeply grateful in the early years of my reign”.

Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden was Prime Minister for almost two years, between April 1955 and January 1957.

The Queen is said to have had a more formal relationship with him.

Harold Macmillan

Harold Macmillan, who took office between January 1957 and October 1963, was in some ways seen as the opposite of the Queen. She preferred the country, he preferred city life.

However, on one occasion, the Queen and Macmillan were seen listening to a transistor radio together when US astronaut John Glenn flew into space in 1962.

Alec Douglas Home

Alec Douglas-Home was Prime Minister for just one year, between October 1963 and October 1964.

However, it is reported that the couple hit it off and shared a mutual love of dogs.

Harold Wilson

Harold Wilson had two stints at 10 Downing Street, the first between October 1964 and June 1970 and the second between March 1974 and April 1976.

The Queen was also on good terms with Wilson, and he would join members of the Royal Family for riverside picnics in Balmoral.

Edward Heide

Edward Health took office between Wilson’s two terms of office, between June 1970 and March 1974.

It is said that he struggled to make small talk with Her Majesty every time they met.

James Callaghan

James Callaghan was Prime Minister between April 1976 and May 1979. He is said to have developed a warm relationship with the Queen and once said he enjoyed every conversation he had with her.

“One of the great things about her is that she always seems able to see the fun side of life. All conversations were very pleasant.”

Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher, who ruled from May 1979 to November 1990, was the Queen’s first female Prime Minister and also one of Britain’s longest-serving Prime Ministers.

When Baroness Thatcher died in April 2013, the Queen attended her ceremonial funeral. It was a personal decision and a sign of the Queen’s respect for her.

John Major

John Mayor took office from November 1990 to May 1997. He was Prime Minister at the time of the divorce of the Queen’s first son, Prince Charles and Princess Diana, in 1996 and then of Diana’s death in 1997.

His concern for Prince Charles and Princess Diana’s children, Prince William and Prince Harry, earned him the approval of the Queen and the entire royal family during these times.

Queen’s Platinum Jubilee fact file.

Tony Blair

Tony Blair was Prime Minister for just over 10 years, between May 1997 and June 2007. He published details of his private conversations with the Queen in his memoir entitled A Journey.

Among other things, he revealed that during a weekend barbecue in Balmoral, which he described as “a vibrant combination of the mesmerizing, the surreal and downright freaky,” the late Prince Philip cooked while the Queen donned rubber gloves and washed the dishes.

The Queen is said to have been upset by Blair’s actions.

Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown, who was in office between June 2007 and May 2010, is said to have had a good but formal relationship with the Queen and the royal family.


David Cameron, who was Prime Minister between May 2010 and July 2016, was forced to apologize to the Queen when he was caught on camera telling then-New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg that she “purred down the line.” ‘ when he told her that Scotland had voted to remain in the UK in the Scottish independence referendum.

Cameron’s actions confirmed that the Queen had wanted Scotland to remain in the UK despite publicly refusing to voice her opinion.

Teresa May

Theresa May was the second Prime Minister to serve the Queen. She served from July 2016 to July 2019.

May took up the post in the wake of the Brexit vote, more than a quarter of a century after Mrs Thatcher resigned.

When she then decided to step down because she couldn’t find a way for the UK to leave the EU with Parliament’s support, the Queen was reportedly sad to see her go.

Boris Johnson

Our current prime minister Boris Johnson has been in office since July 2019.

The couple appear to have a good working relationship, with the Queen sending “warm wishes” to Johnson and his now-wife Carrie following the birth of their son in April 2020, and Johnson offering his condolences to the Queen and royal family following the death of Prince Philip in April 2021

When does the Queen meet the Prime Minister?

Every week as part of her Official DutiesThe Queen meets with the Prime Minister as he needs to keep her informed on all government affairs.

These meetings take place every Wednesday at Buckingham Palace.

This meeting is completely private. No special advisers attend and there are no official records of what is said.

Every time a new Prime Minister is elected, he is invited to Buckingham Palace. There they are officially invited to form a new government. The Queen also formally dissolves a government before a general election. How many British Prime Ministers have served Queen Elizabeth II?


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