Anne Frank’s diary was published two years after her death during the Nazi Holocaust
Today (June 25) marks the publication of Anne Frank’s diary – one of the most important contemporary texts on the Holocaust.
Anne wrote the diary while hiding from the Nazis in the Netherlands and it was published after the end of World War II and Anne’s death.
The diary contains entries spanning more than two years, with Anne spending almost all of that time in one room.
Who was Anne Frank?
Anne Frank was a German-Dutch Jewish girl who was killed during the Holocaust – a campaign of genocide against Jews and other minorities carried out by the German government during World War II.
She was born to Jewish parents, Otto and Edith, and had one sister, Margot.
Anne is one of the most famous victims of the Holocaust because of the diary she wrote during the Nazi occupation of Holland.
When Anne was four years old, she and her family moved from Frankfurt, Germany to Amsterdam in the Netherlands after Adolf Hitler came to power.
Germany occupied the Netherlands in 1940 and the persecution of the Jews increased – in July 1942 the Frank family hid in an annex of the building where Anne’s father Otto worked.
The only outside help the Franks had came from six people – four from Otto’s colleagues, Victor Kugler, Johannes Kleiman, Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl, plus Gies’ husband Jan and Voskuijl’s father Johannes Hendrik.
Anne began writing her diary on June 12, 1942, her 13th birthday, and the last entry in the published diary was August 1, 1944.
In her journal she wrote about her friends, conversations and arguments with her family, the difficulty in adjusting to new people who came to her annex, her fears and her hopes for the future, which was to be a writer.
How did Anne Frank die?
On August 4th, three days after Anne’s last diary entry, the German police, led by an SS member, stormed the annex and arrested Anne, her family and the others who were also hiding there.
They were interrogated before being taken to Westerbork transit camp. The group was sent on the last transport from Westerbork to the Auschwitz concentration camp, where the men and women were divided upon arrival.
At Auschwitz, the arrivals were further divided into those selected for instant death in the gas chambers and those selected for slave labor. Otto, Edith, Margot and Frank were all selected for forced labour.
On October 28, 1944, Anne and Margot were transported to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp – Edith stayed behind and starved to death in Auschwitz.
Anne and Margot both died in Bergen-Belsen in early 1945 – it is believed that Margot died a day after Anne.
It is not known exactly how they died, but it is likely that it was due to a typhus epidemic that had spread through the camp.
When was Anne Frank’s diary published?
Otto Frank was the only member of his family to survive Auschwitz, and when he returned to the Netherlands after the end of World War II, he learned that his wife and children had died.
Otto’s secretary Miep Gies had saved Anne’s diary and after reading it Otto decided to publish most of the entries to fulfill her dream of becoming a writer.
The diary was first published on June 25, 1947 and has since been translated into more than 70 languages.
It was first published in English in 1952 under the title The Diary of a Young Girl.
The last line in Anne Frank’s final diary entry reads: “I get mad, then sad, and finally turn my heart upside down, the bad out and the good in, and I keep trying to find a way to become what I am.” want to be and what I could be if . . . if only there were no other people in the world.”
https://www.nationalworld.com/news/how-did-anne-frank-die-death-jewish-girl-during-holocaust-explained-anniversary-anne-franks-diary-3745553 How did Anne Frank die and when was her diary published?