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How congressional redistricting works in your state

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The once-a-decade redrawing of U.S. congressional and state legislative boundaries is underway throughout the nation. The method, referred to as redistricting, will alter the nation’s political panorama, as events and curiosity teams jockey to form districts in ways in which may cement their benefit for the subsequent 10 years.

The stakes are sky excessive. Republicans have to flip solely 5 congressional seats to win again the Home majority in 2022, and Democrats concern the GOP’s benefit in state legislatures may assist tip the steadiness.

What modified for the reason that final redistricting cycle?

The coronavirus pandemic, coupled with the Trump administration’s losing battle to exclude undocumented immigrants from the census enumeration, delayed the discharge of 2020 Census redistricting information by about 4 months.

As within the 2010 cycle, Republicans take pleasure in a bonus over the method: Within the 37 states the place elected officers may finally determine the borders of congressional maps, 20 are totally in Republican management, eight are held by Democrats, and 9 are cut up. Nonetheless, the hole between the events’ energy has closed barely for the reason that final cycle.

In seven states, energy to attract new congressional districts falls to so-called impartial commissions. Not like different commissions, which both embody elected politicians or which may make suggestions however will be overridden by legislatures, impartial commissions are designed to be nonpartisan and are empowered to submit last redistricting proposals.

The impartial commissions’ work within the coming months may present proof for advocates who want to see extra states undertake them — or to opponents who say they are often gamed to serve political ends.

Within the redistricting cycle following the 2010 Census, legislative deadlocks and authorized challenges resulted in lots of districts finally being decided by courts. This cycle, both parties are gearing up for one more spherical of intense litigation.

In the meantime, two landmark Supreme Court docket choices of the previous decade have given states extra management over the form of districts.

First, in 2013, the Supreme Court rendered unenforceable the Voting Rights Act’s requirement that sure states with a historical past of racial discrimination receive clearance from the Justice Division earlier than enacting new maps. Then, in 2019, the Court ruled that federal judges should not have the ability to cease partisan gerrymandering, with politicians drawing districts to protect or increase their get together’s energy.

What constraints do map-drawers have to contemplate?

Though states take pleasure in wider latitude when drawing electoral districts, they continue to be constrained by the U.S. Structure and the Voting Rights Act. Consequently, mapmakers should guarantee every electoral district consists of about the identical variety of individuals, they usually should not draw districts that discriminate in opposition to voters on the premise of race or ethnicity.

[How the racial makeup of where you live has changed since 1990]

By amending state constitutions or passing legal guidelines, many states have imposed additional necessities on their mapmakers. In some states, state courts have established precedents that might have an effect on how maps are drawn.

How rapidly do states must decide on a map?

Because of the census delays, mapmakers throughout the nation shall be pressed for time as they race to attract new congressional and state legislative boundaries.

Every state imposes completely different deadlines upon its mapmaking course of — and lots of states are adjusting these deadlines to accommodate the delayed census launch — however each state might want to have its district boundaries prepared in time for congressional candidates to file for subsequent 12 months’s primaries. Submitting deadlines vary from state to state — Texas’s Dec. 13 submitting deadline is the earliest, whereas Rhode Island’s just isn’t till June 29, 2022.

What else are you able to inform me about how redistricting works in every state?

Use the menu under to be taught extra in regards to the redistricting panorama in every state.

Alabama

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Alaska

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Arizona

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Arkansas

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


California

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Colorado

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Connecticut

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Delaware

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Florida

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Georgia

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Hawaii

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Idaho

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Illinois

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Indiana

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Iowa

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Kansas

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Kentucky

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Louisiana

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Maine

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Maryland

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Massachusetts

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Michigan

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Minnesota

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Mississippi

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Missouri

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Montana

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Nebraska

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Nevada

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


New Hampshire

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


New Jersey

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


New Mexico

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


New York

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


North Carolina

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


North Dakota

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Ohio

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Oklahoma

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Oregon

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Pennsylvania

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Rhode Island

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


South Carolina

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


South Dakota

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Tennessee

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Texas

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Utah

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Vermont

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Virginia

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Washington

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


West Virginia

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Wisconsin

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


Wyoming

The state could have 0 congressional district, the identical because it had following the 2010 Census. D.C. doesn’t have voting illustration in Congress.


About this story

This text depends on a number of sources to assist categorize states’ redistricting processes: All About Redistricting, the Brennan Center for Justice, the National Conference of State Legislatures, Wang et. al. 2021 and Ballotpedia. Nonetheless, when these sources had been unclear or in disagreement, The Washington Submit consulted redistricting specialists and attorneys, state constitutions, statutes, court docket rulings and legislative tips to determine on categorizations.

The Submit selected to embody standards from state constitutions, statutes and court docket instances, however not from legislative committee tips, that are simpler for legislatures to vary or ignore.

When categorizing states in accordance with the entity or establishment that decides on new congressional maps this text categorizes states primarily based on the entity that may finally train energy over the map’s boundaries, fairly than any group that has a proper position in suggesting new maps. Nebraska’s nonpartisan state legislature is functionally managed by Republicans.

Design and growth by Harry Stevens, Adrián Blanco, Tyler Remmel, Daniela Santamariña and Ashlyn Still. Extra reporting by Colby Itkowitz and Ted Mellnik. Extra contributions by Peter Andringa. Modifying by Kevin Uhrmacher, Lauren Tierney and Cathlen Decker. Copy modifying by Dorine Bethea.

When you have questions in regards to the data discovered on this article, please email us.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/interactive/2021/redistricting-faq/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=wp_politics | How congressional redistricting works in your state

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