Gamasutra: Eduardo Tassi’s Blog – Level Design Analysis: Oxenfurt level in The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt

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The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt, developed by CD Projekt Pink, was an expertise that left a mark and one of many video games that I maintain most expensive, re-creating the extent of Oxenfurt is my private love letter to this recreation. The making of this venture was an actual problem when it comes to analyzing the design in addition to the manufacturing itself, however this endeavor pushed me ahead so as to obtain a results of which I’m actually pleased with, I hope to have finished justice to the wonderful work finished by the CD Projekt Pink group!

That is an evaluation and adaptation of town of Oxenfurt from The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt. I’ll largely speak concerning the manufacturing course of, from analyzing the extent in-game so as to set up some metrics of reference, to working inside UE4 and making a blockout of the extent. You’ll be able to take a look at this video for the entire overview of the greybox!


Establishing Structure & Metrics

If we check out the Oxenfurt stage, the very first thing that meets the attention it’s town construction and its complicated subdivision of every space inside it. Having acknowledged these elements helped me to higher perceive on methods to proceed with my work, and take a step again. So, earlier than even placing down on paper some sketches of the format, I made a decision to spend some extra time analyzing the extent in-game attempting to grasp extra about its construction and composition. Spending this further time was extraordinarily helpful, not solely as a result of it gave me extra perception concerning the topography of the extent format and it’s verticality (Which we’ll speak extra about it later), but in addition it made me respect extra the important thing function of composition and the good use of landmarks and factors of curiosity. 


Nonetheless, I used to be having a extremely exhausting time determining the general metrics of the areas inside the extent, earlier than even opening the Unreal 4 editor and iterate with the BSP, I wanted to you should definitely have a powerful basis to construct upon. For these causes, making a metric library was my first plan of action. Geralt, the primary character, was my level of reference for the whole lot of this course of, I used completely different strategies for taking measurements in-game;


  1. Slowing down Geralt’s stroll: The usual motion was too quick for taking any measurement, in The Witcher 3 with simply the press of a button you may make the character stroll slowly, this allowed me to standardize my course of: 1 step = 1 meter. This methodology allowed me to take metrics knowledge for the size and width of; Roads, Constructing, Stairs and Props.
  2. Changing time in meters: When re-creating a stage from one other recreation, you all the time should maintain into consideration some margin of error, issues won’t be precisely as you’ll discover them within the precise recreation. That is often seen as one thing detrimental because it feels such as you received’t have full management over your work, however I really assume is a good ingredient of power, as a result of it permits for extra flexibility particularly relating to metrics. And so the second methodology I used to realize measurements was principally timing the distances between the areas that I wanted after which changing these distances in meters. 

These two strategies allowed me extra flexibility in calculating every house and have been the general basis of my manufacturing course of.


Managing Areas & Verticality

I can simply say that the largest problem for this venture was managing verticality. In stage design, vertical areas give one other layer of depth to your design and actually make the distinction in making a compelling house. Within the Oxenfurt stage although, verticality was in every single place, the whole Island was designed primarily based on this precept, giving an important sense of marvel to the participant. For a similar motive, analyzing and managing every vertical space was a giant problem, one which I used to be keen to perform.


blankAs you possibly can see from this screenshot, the extent begins actually excessive, the place the primary entry level is accessible solely by a bridge. The extent develops downhill, step by step converging to the primary sq. and town heart. In inexperienced, you possibly can see a number of the landmarks seen from virtually any place of the island.


blankCD Projekt Pink group did an incredible job in creating an immersive stage, town is split into very clear areas: There’s the Fundamental Sq. with the Public sale Home, the Mansion of essentially the most infamous Whoreson Junior positioned within the very heart of town, the Academy, the Harbor and so forth. The good magnificence, although, lies in between every of those areas the place the participant can utterly get misplaced questioning about all of the completely different passages and secondary roads that finally will all lead into the completely different factors of curiosity listed earlier than.


blankWhereas blocking out it was actually vital to all the time regulate the general construction and composition of the extent. Within the left format above (the attractive format from the fitting was taken in-game) you possibly can see there’s a subdivision between primary and secondary roads, establishing the metrics of the primary street early on helped me to kind a transparent imaginative and prescient for the general scale, size and width of the extent, doing this allowed me to have a greater sense on methods to handle all of the completely different secondary roads.


Composition & Design

I discover composition to be one of many biggest power of this stage, main traces and framing are used to softly information the participant by way of the extent. Moreover, the position of landmarks completely blends in with the surroundings, all of them match the vertical type of town making them recognizable even from lengthy distances to completely seize the participant’s consideration and give them some extent of reference throughout the surroundings.


blankThe massive tower positioned in the primary sq. close to the Public sale Home is a landmark all the time seen not solely from the within of town, however even from the skin. Landmarks in Oxenfurt are often recognizable for his or her vertical construction, offering a sense of scale and distinction that makes the extent really feel dramatic and large.


blankThe identical could be stated concerning the two primary gates to enter town, you possibly can construct up anticipation by forcing the participant to cross slender and enclosed entrances, after which launch that suspense by revealing a big and numerous house.


blankFactors of curiosity are equally distinguishable, the buildings and areas associated to primary narrative quests are often extra recognizable than others. Secondary factors of curiosity are nonetheless very straightforward to navigate due to some diegetic parts positioned within the surroundings, like some constructing’s signposts that instantly seize the participant’s consideration.



Re-creating Oxenfurt inside UE4 was a captivating problem that allowed me to hone my sensible expertise in addition to my analytical considering as a stage designer. This venture took me over two months of labor apart from my day job, I actually consider that a lot extra may have been finished how a lot content material there’s inside this stage, nonetheless, I’m very pleased with the tip outcome. 

I hope you loved the studying! Let me know in case you have any suggestions, be happy to contact me on Twitter: @tassi_eduardo


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