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FDA authorizes Johnson & Johnson COVID booster: What to know

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For probably the most up-to-date information and details about the coronavirus pandemic, go to the WHO and CDC web sites.

The US Meals and Drug Administration authorized booster shots Wednesday for everyone who received Johnson & Johnson, the one one-dose coronavirus vaccine, no less than two months after their shot. And the company did not simply authorize a second dose of Johnson & Johnson, in addition they gave all eligible booster members the flexibility to “combine and match” COVID-19 vaccines for a booster, that means those that bought J&J might get a dose of Pfizer or Moderna as a substitute. 

The truth that all Johnson & Johnson recipients are eligible for a booster shot is a testomony to the opinion of many well being officers who say Johnson & Johnson most likely ought to’ve been a two-dose vaccine from the beginning. The FDA additionally licensed booster photographs for some Moderna recipients Wednesday, together with folks age 65 and older, adults vulnerable to extreme COVID-19 and adults whose jobs put them vulnerable to COVID-19 transmission. The people who find themselves eligible for Moderna’s booster are the identical people who find themselves eligible for Pfizer’s booster. 

Learn extra: FDA officially authorizes mixing COVID boosters: What to know

Fewer folks have gotten Johnson & Johnson’s one-dose vaccine than Pfizer or Moderna. About 15 million folks have been vaccinated with J&J, in line with the CDC, a small quantity in contrast with these vaccinated with Pfizer or Moderna. That is partly as a result of it was out there within the US later than each mRNA vaccines, manufacturing points resulted in millions of wasted doses and use was paused briefly in April after considerations over a hyperlink to a rare but serious blood clotting dysfunction (largely in girls beneath age 50) that is not seen with the mRNA vaccines. 

Those that bought the one-dose J&J vaccine, together with immunocompromised folks, had been initially left in a foreign country’s booster shot plans due to an absence of knowledge on the one-dose vaccine. (The booster rollout basically is a controversial one — members of the World Health Organization have called on countries such as the US to gradual the method of giving booster doses to people who find themselves already vaccinated as a result of a lot of the world stays unvaccinated in opposition to COVID-19. As few as 2.7% of people in low-income countries have had a coronavirus vaccine, in line with Our World in Knowledge.) 

Whereas well being businesses proceed to iron out booster suggestions, this is what we all know now about second photographs of Johnson & Johnson. 

J&J booster: A very long time coming

There have been many specialists who disagree with the CDC and FDA’s stance on ready for extra knowledge in terms of those that are extra susceptible to extreme COVID-19 and who acquired J&J. Analysis reveals that viral vector vaccines like J&J and AstraZeneca are possible much less efficient than mRNA vaccines. This was confirmed on the latest FDA committee assembly, the place members voted to advocate boosters of Johnson & Johnson primarily based on less-than-perfect knowledge supplied to and reviewed by the FDA.

In an editorial for the Washington Post on why public well being businesses ought to enable J&J recipients to obtain a dose of mRNA vaccine, CNN medical analyst Dr. Leana Wen wrote: “This is not a one-size-fits-all suggestion, however somewhat an individualized resolution primarily based on folks’s medical circumstances and exposures.”

Whereas a wholesome youthful individual might be adequately protected with Johnson & Johnson, somebody who’s severely immunocompromised is “possible not optimally protected by the J&J,” Wen mentioned, and the unknown dangers of blending vaccine sorts are “virtually actually” outweighed by the dangers of extreme COVID-19. 

There could also be some native exceptions: For instance, if you happen to dwell in San Francisco and acquired J&J, you may get a dose of Pfizer or Moderna. Nonetheless, the town’s well being division stresses that this isn’t a suggestion or change in coverage, however an “accommodation” for Johnson & Johnson recipients who’ve requested their physicians about receiving a dose of mRNA vaccine. 

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If or when boosters develop into a actuality within the US, it is unclear how that may change the CDC’s definition of “totally vaccinated,” or how that may range primarily based on the kind of vaccine you acquired. 


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When will I get a J&J booster?

Now that it is licensed, it is going to be as much as the CDC to advocate how folks hunt down booster photographs in the event that they acquired Johnson & Johnson, or if the company will concern a robust suggestion for some J&J recipients whereas merely saying different individuals who bought J&J “could” get a booster. For instance, the CDC says now that Pfizer recipients age 65 and older and other people with sure well being situations “should” get a third shot, whereas different Pfizer recipients who’re in danger due to their job or are youthful adults with well being situations “could” get a booster in the event that they select.

Does it matter what vaccine I get as a booster?

We’ll know extra after the CDC points steering on the Johnson & Johnson booster. The CDC could advocate that it is best for folks to obtain the identical vaccine as a booster, or it could advocate that sure teams hunt down a special COVID-19 vaccine as an additional shot.

Nonetheless, some specialists consider that J&J recipients could profit from receiving a special vaccine, as seen in preliminary knowledge on mixing COVID-19 vaccines that was mentioned on the FDA committee assembly final week. The info confirmed that antibody ranges (although removed from the complete measure of immunity) rose 76-fold in J&J recipients who acquired Moderna as a booster, 35-fold with a Pfizer booster and solely four-fold with a Johnson & Johnson shot.

The knowledge contained on this article is for academic and informational functions solely and isn’t meant as well being or medical recommendation. All the time seek the advice of a doctor or different certified well being supplier relating to any questions you’ll have a couple of medical situation or well being targets.

https://www.cnet.com/well being/fad-authorizes-johnson-johnson-booster-what-to-know/ | FDA authorizes Johnson & Johnson COVID booster: What to know

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