Demand for onions smaller in dimension from South-East Asia helps exports of the commodity at the same time as excessive freight charges have affected Indian onion shipments to West Asia, one in all its major markets.
“There’s good demand for small onions (of 25-35 mm diameter dimension) in nations reminiscent of Malaysia and Thailand. In addition to, demand can be good for sambhar onions (shallots) from these locations,” mentioned M Madan Prakash, President, Agri Commodities Exporters’ Affiliation (ACEA).
South-East Asian nations, reminiscent of Malaysia, purchase shallots from Thailand however since provides are low from Bangkok, demand has cropped for Indian ones.
“Indian small onions are aggressive within the Far-East markets. There’s good margin too for exporters,” mentioned Mukesh Singh, Managing Director, Mubala Agro Commodities Pvt Ltd that trades in home and abroad markets.
Shallots are delivered and packed at ₹45 a kg in Chennai. For South-East Asia, shallots are quoted at $850 (₹63,275) a tonne, value and freight. “In the course of the peak season, shallots quoted as excessive as $1,300 (₹96,775) a tonne,” mentioned Prakash.
On the similar time, small dimension onions are delivered at ₹20 a kg from Maharashtra. “There’s demand for these onions from Bengal too,” mentioned the ACEA president.
“We’re getting good costs for small onions from South-East Asia. Even Hong Kong has begun to purchase from us,” mentioned Ajit Shah, President, Horticulture Produce Exporters’ Affiliation (HPEA).
“Now the Centre has introduced the Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Merchandise, we are able to attempt to make good out of it,” mentioned Mubala Agro’s Singh.
‘New gamers gaining’
Nashik-based exporter Vikas Chaudhary mentioned onion exports from India have been affected as a consequence of excessive freight charges which have made Pakistan’s produce extra aggressive in markets reminiscent of Dubai and different Gulf locations.
“New gamers, in addition to Pakistan, are gaining floor within the Gulf markets. Presently, our high quality can be not upto to the mark since these onions had been harvested in April,” mentioned Singh.
In India, onions are harvested thrice — early kharif throughout October-December, late kharif throughout January-March and rabi throughout March-Could.
“Although Indian onions are solely marginally costlier than the Pakistan ones within the Gulf market, the latter is gaining in view of freight benefit,” mentioned the Mubala Agro Commodities official.
HCEA’s Shah mentioned Indian onions are at the moment quoted at $310 a tonne (₹23,075) free-on-board. “Pakistan onions are quoted decrease by about $30 (₹2,250),” he mentioned.
Lankan foreign exchange disaster
The opposite subject that has affected Indian onion exporters is Sri Lanka’s overseas alternate disaster. “Colombo has stopped imports in view of the disaster,” mentioned ACEA’s Prakash.
“Sri Lanka was a great marketplace for us. In view of the disaster, we are actually taking a look at South-East and Far-East,” mentioned Mubala Agro’s Singh.
“Exporters are dealing with issues after transport to Sri Lanka. Funds should not coming. In any other case, we get good demand from the island nation,” mentioned Shah.
Singh mentioned the main focus of onion commerce now’s to clear the stock forward of the early kharif onion arrival subsequent month. “Karnataka crop has begun arriving available in the market and the standard is sweet. It’s discovering takers even within the north-east, changing Nashik onions,” he mentioned.
Exporter Vikas Chaudhary mentioned onion arrivals have elevated, leading to costs ruling at ₹17-18 a kg at the moment. “Demand can be slack in view of the present auspicious month Shravan,” he mentioned.
In accordance with the Ministry of Agriculture, the modal value (fee at which most trades happen) at Lasalgaon — Asia’s greatest marketplace for the bulb — is at the moment at ₹1,760 a quintal in opposition to ₹1,650 in the beginning of the month. Throughout the identical time final yr, the modal value was ₹1,670.
“Issues ought to search for on the export entrance in one other three weeks, notably when the brand new crops come to the markets from Maharashtra,” mentioned HCEA’s Shah.
Curbs on exports
Onion exports had been hit over the last two fiscals after the Centre suspended shipments as retail costs of the bulb topped ₹100 a kg. Aside from suspending exports, the Centre allowed duty-free imports of onion and imposed inventory limits.
Onion exports had touched a report 34.92 lakh tonnes (lt) throughout 2016-17. Since then, they’ve declined. In 2019-20, exports hit a five-year low of 11.49 lt earlier than recovering to 13.07 lt final fiscal. Exports might have been greater however for the Authorities’s curbs on the shipments.
In accordance with the Ministry of Agriculture, onion manufacturing was a report 26.92 million tonnes (mt) final season (July 2020-June 2021) in contrast with 26.09 mt the earlier season with the world underneath the crop rising to 1.6 million hectares (mh) from 1.43 mh.
https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/financial system/agri-business/demand-for-small-onions-from-s-e-asia-comes-to-exporters-rescue/article36012620.ece | Demand for small onions from S-E Asia involves exporters’ rescue