COVID-19 Booster Shots: What We Know
Photo: Saul Martinez / Bloomberg via Getty Images
The holiday season is fast approaching, and even though a COVID-19 vaccine means we can now safely travel and congregate indoors, health officials are still concerned about an increase in infections. Thanksgiving and year-end activity will cause a repeat of last year’s big holiday – spurring a spike in infections. With that in mind, experts (including Dr Anthony Fauci) have said booster vaccinations will be an essential tool to help keep numbers under control throughout the holiday season. After months of confusion about who should get booster shots, FDA on Friday approved boosters of the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines for all adults over 18 years of age. The CDC is expected to follow suit and recommend a booster shot for anyone more than six months after the second dose, and the center’s advisory board voted in favor. . Here’s what we know so far.
CDC suggestion that anyone over 18 years of age who has had a single dose of Johnson & Johnson vaccine should get a booster shot two months after the first dose. For Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech, boosters have been recommended for several groups: adults over 65, people in long-term care over 18, and people over 50 with underlying medical conditions. Younger people with underlying conditions and those working in high-risk environments are also eligible under the CDC. Prior to Friday’s announcement, 13 states and some smaller localities like New York City had expanded eligibility for the enhanced program to all adults.
And now it looks like we’re about to have new guidelines across the country that allow anyone over 18 to get a Pfizer or Moderna booster. The CDC’s independent advisory panel voted unanimously to recommend the shots for anyone over the age of 18. It is not yet clear if the CDC is simply referring to the public qualified for boosters or outright recommend them. Regardless, assuming the eventual signing comes from the CDC director, the enhanced footage could be available as soon as this weekend.
The tentative CDC recommendation is that anyone who received a second dose more than six months ago should get a booster shot. Johnson & Johnson’s one-shot vaccine is eligible for a booster shot two months after the first shot.
According to the FDA, yes. In October, the administration approved a plan that would let adults choose whether they want their booster to be Pfizer, Moderna or Johnson & Johnson regardless of their original footage. The plan is mainly to help make boosters more accessible – if your nearest vaccine supplier only offers one, you won’t have to search for one that will fit your first dose – but some learn found that mixing vaccines produced a stronger immune response than multiple doses of the same vaccine.
So far, it seems that the side effects from booster shots are the same as what people feel after the first doses – mainly fatigue and soreness at the injection site.
Fauci was promote booster vaccinations for all adults during the past month, citing studies that have shown they have increased individual protection from hospitalization and death. There is substantial evidence of impaired immunity in vaccine recipients of all ages, and although the vaccine initially appeared to be weak in preventing infection, it remained effective in preventing infection. To prevent hospitalizations and deaths, the hospitalization rate of fully immunized coronavirus patients suggests that boosters will be needed not only to prevent infections but also to ensure breakthrough cases remain mild.
Some Experts have theirs suspect that the delivery of boosters will do much to strengthen our collective defense against COVID. A regulatory agency of the FDA speak that while boosters will help individuals protect themselves, “the greatest impact on population levels still depends on increasing vaccine uptake” (i.e. the first injection within people’s hands). It’s getting harder and harder to get Americans to line up for more shots: 85% of the adult population is eligible for energy drinks, but only 17% actually get a shot. The main demographic looking for them appears to be fully vaccinated whites with higher socioeconomic status and better access to health care – the group least vulnerable to exposure, serious illness, hospitalization, and death. It seems that the population primarily responsible for the spread of COVID is that 40% of Americans are still unvaccinated.
Nobody know! It’s possible that the COVID vaccine could be like the flu vaccine, given once or even twice a year – and it could be different each time depending on what variation health professionals expect to see. .
https://www.thecut.com/2021/11/covid-19-booster-shots-what-we-know.html COVID-19 Booster Shots: What We Know