British Prime Minister Boris Johnson clung to power on Wednesday, badly wounded by the resignation of ministers who said he was unfit to govern and a growing number of lawmakers calling for his resignation.
Johnson narrowly survived a vote of confidence last month, giving him 12 months of immunity from another. But some lawmakers in his Conservative Party have tried to change party rules to shorten that immunity period.
Other lawmakers had appealed to Johnson’s top team of cabinet ministers to take action against him.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is fighting to stay in power after the resignation of top ministers
Below are options for how Johnson could be forced out of office and how the process to find a replacement would work:
– Johnson could decide he has lost the support of too many members of his party and cabinet and resign. So far he has shown no willingness to do so.
– Several more members of the cabinet could resign and ask Johnson to leave, which would almost certainly force him to resign. However, media reports suggest other senior members of the Cabinet, including Secretary of State Liz Truss, Secretary of Defense Ben Wallace and Leveling Up Secretary Michael Gove, will remain in office.
– Some lawmakers have tried to change party rules so they can hold another vote of confidence sooner than is currently allowed. The elections for the members of the so-called 1922 Committee, which sets the rules, are coming up soon.
Should Johnson be deposed, a trial would be held to find a new leader. Here’s how this process, overseen by the 1922 Committee, will likely work:
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– Candidates running for leadership must be nominated by two other Conservative lawmakers. There could be a wide range of candidates.
– Conservative lawmakers then conduct multiple rounds of voting to reduce the number of candidates. Each time they are asked to vote for their preferred candidate in a secret ballot, the person with the fewest votes is eliminated.
– This process is repeated until two candidates remain. So far, voting has taken place on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
– The final two candidates will then be subjected to a ballot-by-mail of the broader Conservative Party membership, with the winner being named the new leader.
– The leader of the party with the majority in the lower house is the de facto prime minister. You don’t have to call early elections, but you have the power to do so.
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How long will this all take?
The length of the leadership competition may vary depending on how many people apply. Theresa May became the leader less than three weeks after predecessor David Cameron retired in 2016 and all other competitors dropped out mid-race.
Johnson faced former Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt in the Conservative members’ runoff to replace May in 2019, taking office two months after May announced her intention to step down.
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(Reporting by Kate Holton and Alistair Smout, Editing by Rosalba O’Brien and Catherine Evans)
https://globalnews.ca/news/8971396/british-pm-boris-johnson-forced-out/ Can British Prime Minister Boris Johnson be ousted from office? Here’s what we know – nationally