British Royal Family and Succession Explained

Queen Elizabeth the second celebrated his 70th jubilee this year and became Britain’s longest-serving monarch.

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Here’s everything you need to know.

Queen Elizabeth II is a mother, grandmother and great-grandmother.

How many children does the Queen have?

Queen Elizabeth II had four children with her late husband Prince Philip.

Their first child, Charles Prince of Wales, was born on November 14, 1948. He is now 73 years old.

Their first and only daughter, Anne, The Princess Royal, was born on August 15, 1950. She is 71 years old.

Prince Andrew, Duke of York, now aged 62, followed almost ten years later on 19 February 1960.

The couple’s last child, Edward, Earl of Wessex, was born on March 10, 1964 and is now 58 years old.

How many grandchildren does the Queen have?

The Queen has eight grandchildren.

Prince Charles had two children with his late ex-wife Princess Diana; 39-year-old Prince William and 37-year-old Prince Harry.

Princess Anne also had two children with her ex-husband, Captain Mark Phillips. Peter Phillips is 44 years old and Zara Tindall is 41, making them the Queen’s eldest grandson and granddaughter.

Prince Andrew had two daughters with his ex-wife, Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York. Princess Beatrice is 33 and her sister Princess Eugenie is 32.

Prince Edward also had a son and a daughter. Lady Louise Windsor was born in 2003 and James, Viscount Severn was born in 2007. They are the Queen’s youngest grandchildren.

How many great-grandchildren does the Queen have?

The Queen currently has 12 grandchildren.

Prince William and his wife Kate Middleton had two sons and a daughter. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are the parents of Prince George of Cambridge (8), Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (7) and Prince Louis of Cambridge (4).

Prince Harry and his wife Meghan Markle, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, had two children; three-year-old Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor and eleven-month-old Lilibet Diana Mountbatten-Windsor.

Peter Phillips has two daughters with his ex-wife Autumn Phillips; 11-year-old Savannah Phillips and 10-year-old Isla Phillips.

Zara Tindall also had three children with her husband Mike Tindall. Eight-year-old Mia Grace Tindall was born in 2014, followed by three-year-old Lena Elizabeth Tindall in 2018 and one-year-old Lucas Philip Tindall in 2021.

Princess Beatrice and her husband Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi welcomed their first child, eight-month-old daughter Sienna Elizabeth Mapelli Mozzi, in September 2021.

Princess Eugenie and her husband Jack Brooksbank welcomed their first child, August Philip Hawke Brooksbank, in February 2021.

The royal family tree, showing the Queen’s children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

When was the Queen born and how old is she?

Queen Elizabeth II was born on April 21, 1926 and is 96 years old to King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth.

The Queen has a second ‘official’ state birthday on the second Saturday in June. But in 2022 it was pushed back to Thursday 2 June to celebrate the Queen’s platinum status anniversary Weekend.

Postponing the official celebration of the monarch’s birthday is a tradition that dates back to the Georgian era under George II.

He started the tradition in 1748 as his birthday in November meant he could not have the big public celebration he wanted.

King George II also decided to combine his celebration with Trooping the Colorwhich is an annual military parade in June.

Trooping the Color has now marked the British monarch’s official birthday for over 260 years.

When did Her Majesty become Queen?

Queen Elizabeth II became the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom in 1952.

Her Majesty was crowned at Westminster Abbey in 1953, but her accession took place the year before, in February 1952.

Princess Elizabeth acceded to the throne aged 25 after her father, King George VI, died on February 6, 1952.

She was the eldest of the king’s two daughters and next in line to the throne.

The King’s death came after a long illness and he died while he was asleep at the royal estate at Sandringham.

The Queen had been in Kenya during this time and subsequently became the first sovereign to join from abroad in over 200 years.

Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her 70th jubilee this year, making her the longest-reigning British monarch.

Who is next in line to the throne?

Succession to the British throne is determined by many factors.

Under common law, the crown is inherited by a sovereign’s children, or by the nearest collateral line of a childless sovereign, such as a sibling, niece, nephew, or cousin.

The Succession to the Crown Act (2013) amended the provisions of the Bill of Rights and Act of Settlement to end the system of male primogeniture, which allows a younger son to supplant an elder daughter in the line of succession.

This means men and women now both have equal rights to access the throne, and the law applies to those born after October 28, 2011.

Next in line for the throne is the Queen’s eldest son, Prince Charles.

Prince Charles is next in line to the throne.

Second in line to the throne is Prince Charles’ eldest son, Prince William.

Prince William is second in line to the throne.

Third in line to the throne is Prince William’s eldest son, Prince George.

They are followed by Prince George’s sister, Princess Charlotte, and his younger brother, Prince Louis.

Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis are third, fourth and fifth in line to the throne.

Sixth in line is Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, the younger son of the Prince of Wales.

Prince Harry is sixth in line to the throne.

Under the Perth Convention, which came into force in 2015, only the first six in the line of succession require the sovereign’s consent before marrying. If they do not receive this consent, they and their children are excluded from the succession. British Royal Family and Succession Explained


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