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Book review of The Orphans of Davenport: Eugenics, the Great Depression, and the War over Children’s Intelligence by Marilyn Brookwood

On one facet was the highly effective Stanford psychologist Lewis Terman, whose extremely profitable profession was based mostly on his improvement of the wildly standard Stanford-Binet intelligence take a look at. Like the vast majority of American educators and psychologists of his day, he believed that intelligence was not solely inherited, however genetically fastened at start and immutable for all times. He was additionally an advocate of the racially prejudiced and class-biased pseudoscience of eugenics: the idea that genes deemed “dangerous,” “inferior” or “undesirable” needs to be bred out of existence to enhance the nation’s genetic inventory. In keeping with this view, since IQ was completely inherited, a new child’s IQ rating would mirror that of the dad and mom and would additionally predict the child’s life potential: The upper the IQ the brighter the prospects, the decrease the rating the bleaker the outlook. On this manner, IQ was like a life sentence handed down from era to era.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/the-iowa-orphans-who-helped-resolve-the-fight-over-childrens-intelligence/2021/08/11/51bde2d6-de75-11eb-b507-697762d090dd_story.html | E-book overview of The Orphans of Davenport: Eugenics, the Nice Despair, and the Struggle over Kids’s Intelligence by Marilyn Brookwood

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