Black female WWII unit hoping to get congressional honor | Nation & World


BOSTON (AP) — Maj. Fannie Griffin McClendon and her Military colleagues by no means dwelled on being the one Black battalion of girls to serve in Europe throughout World Struggle II. They’d a job to do.

The 6888th Central Listing Postal Battalion was credited with fixing a rising mail disaster throughout its stint in England and, upon their return, serving as a task mannequin to generations of Black ladies who joined the army.

However for many years, the exploits of the 855 members by no means acquired wider recognition — till now.

The Senate handed laws that will award members of the battalion, affectionately often known as the Six Triple Eight, with the Congressional Gold Medal.

The invoice is awaiting motion within the Home, however is already too late for many 6888 members. There are believed to be solely seven surviving, together with McClendon.

“Nicely, it might be good nevertheless it by no means occurred to me that we might even qualify for it,” McClendon stated from her dwelling in Arizona.

“I simply want there have been extra individuals to, if it comes by, there have been extra individuals to have fun it,” stated McClendon, who has met along with her native congressman to press for passage of the invoice.

The 6888 was sent overseas in 1945, a time when there was rising stress from African-American organizations to incorporate Black ladies in what was referred to as the Ladies’s Military Corps and permit them to affix their white counterparts abroad.

“I believe the 6888, the command inherently knew that their presence abroad meant greater than clearing that mail backlog,” stated Retired Military Col. Edna Cummings, who was not a member of the 6888 however has been advocating to get them larger recognition. “They had been representing alternative for his or her sisters at arms again in america who had been having a tough time coping with the racism and sexism inside the ranks.”

The unit dodged German U-boats on their strategy to England and scrambled to flee a German rocket as soon as they reached a Glasgow port.

They had been deployed to unheated, rat-infested airplane hangars in Birmingham, England, and given a frightening mission: Course of the tens of millions of items of undelivered mail for troops, authorities employees and Pink Cross employees. The mountains of mail had piled up and troops had been grumbling about misplaced letters and delayed care packages. Thus their motto, “No Mail, Low Morale.”

“They saved hollering about wanting us to go abroad so I assume they discovered one thing for us to do abroad: Handle the mail,” McClendon stated. “And there was an terrible lot of mail. … They anticipated we had been gonna be there about two or three months attempting to get it straightened out. Nicely I believe in a couple of month, in a month and a half, we had all of it straightened out and moving into the suitable route.”

The 6888 toiled across the clock, processing about 65,000 items of mail in every of the three shifts. They created a system utilizing locator playing cards with a service member’s identify and unit quantity to make sure mail was delivered. Typically, they needed to resort to detective work when a parcel solely had a standard identify or a service member’s nickname.

Regardless of their achievements, the unit endured questions and criticism from those that didn’t assist Black ladies within the army.

Housing, mess halls and recreation amenities had been segregated by race and intercourse, forcing them to arrange all their very own operations. The unit commander, Maj. Charity Adams, was additionally criticized by a common who threatened to provide her command to a white officer. She reportedly responded: “Over my lifeless physique, sir.”

They cleared out a backlog of about 17 million items of mail in three months — twice as quick as projected. The battalion would go on to serve in France earlier than returning dwelling. And like so many Black models throughout World Struggle II, their exploits by no means acquired the eye afforded their white counterparts.

“It’s unhappy to say. They got here again to Jim Crow America,” Cummings stated. “Not solely 6888 however loads of our minority troopers who returned from the conflict weren’t acknowledged or appreciated till years later. The Tuskegee Airmen, Montford Level Marines. There are such a lot of tales of models of coloration who weren’t acknowledged till many years after the conflict.”

Nonetheless, Cummings stated the time abroad with the Military left an enduring impression on the ladies, a lot of whom dismantled obstacles of their skilled lives.

Elizabeth Barker Johnson was the primary feminine to attend Winston-Salem State College in North Carolina on the GI Invoice. She took half within the college’s commencement ceremony on the age of 99 — 70 years after getting her diploma.

McClendon joined the Air Power after the army was built-in and retired in 1971. She was the primary feminine to command an all-male squadron with the Strategic Air Command. One other unit member, the late Doris Moore, grew to become the primary Black social employee in New Hampshire, her household stated.

A invoice would rename a Buffalo, New York, submit workplace after the battalion’s Indiana Hunt-Martin, who died final yr.

And there may be the push for the Congressional Gold Medal.

“These ladies had been trailblazers, and it’s previous time that we formally acknowledge them for his or her unbelievable contribution to our troops throughout World Struggle II,” stated U.S. Sen. Maggie Hassan, a New Hampshire Democrat who co-sponsored the Senate invoice.

Like McClendon, Moore’s household stated she can be honored however not enamored by the award. She not often talked about her time with the 6888 when she was alive, preferring to let these achievements communicate for themselves.

“She would have stated, ‘That is a tremendous, fantastic honor and I’m very proud to have served.’ Then she would have went on along with her life,” stated Moore’s niece Elizabeth Pettiford, who grew up subsequent door to Moore in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. “I simply don’t assume she would have made an enormous factor about it as a result of that was her persona. She saved loads of issues in.”

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