King Amanullah Khan, who dominated for a decade beginning in 1919, pushed for Western-style reforms supposed to modernize the nation. Impressed by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey, he launched a brand new structure that sought to ensure rights for girls in addition to males. Little one marriage was banned, polygamy discouraged, and the jurisdiction of spiritual leaders narrowed. Ladies had been not required to put on the veil. Queen Soraya, who opened the primary lady’s faculty in Kabul, turned a champion of girls’s rights. The quick tempo of change was lauded overseas however rattled conservatives within the largely tribal society, upsetting revolt. The king was ultimately compelled to abdicate in 1929. His successor, Mohammed Nadir Shah, repealed probably the most progressive insurance policies, however the backlash was short-lived. Zahir Shah, who dominated from 1933 to 1973 and was the final king of Afghanistan, reintroduced a lot of Amanullah’s initiatives, albeit extra cautiously. In 1964, girls helped draft a brand new structure, which gave them the suitable to vote and allowed them to hunt elected workplace. They acquired jobs, ran companies and entered politics. Tensions with traditionalists by no means went away, however girls protested any assaults on their rights.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/enterprise/as-taliban-return-a-history-of-afghan-womens-rights/2021/09/13/593dd980-14a3-11ec-a019-cb193b28aa73_story.html?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=wp_business | As Taliban Return, a Historical past of Afghan Ladies’s Rights