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Answering Your Questions on the COVID Vaccines

News Picture: Answering Your Qs on the New COVID Vaccines

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2021

Because the rollout of the COVID-19 vaccines continues, scores of questions are rising. Right here, consultants from Penn State Well being reply among the extra widespread ones.

How do the COVID-19 vaccines work?

The COVID-19 vaccines work by educating the immune system to guard towards the virus, consultants stated.

Neither of the 2 vaccines permitted in the USA — made by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna — incorporates the reside virus. They offer the physique a blueprint to create a little bit of the virus that causes COVID-19, referred to as a spike protein.

As soon as you might be vaccinated, the cell’s equipment makes use of the blueprint to make the spike protein. This protein then seems on the floor of the cell and the immune system responds to it.

Whereas the blueprint is a genetic code, it by no means enters the nucleus of the cells.

“Which means it by no means converts into DNA,” Dr. M. Fahad Khalid, chief of hospital medication at Penn State Well being Hershey Medical Heart in Hershey, Pa., stated in a well being system information launch. “The mRNA itself is destroyed by the cells after they produce the spike protein.”

Can the vaccines make you sick?

“The spike protein itself can’t trigger an an infection,” stated Dr. Mohammad Ali, an infectious ailments doctor at Penn State Well being Holy Spirit Medical Heart in Camp Hill, Pa.

How secure and efficient are the vaccines?

Khalid and Ali say the vaccines are very secure and efficient.

“Their effectiveness is great,” Ali stated. “The flu vaccine is usually 40% to 60% efficient, and the COVID-19 vaccines are 94% to 95% efficient.”

Some individuals, nevertheless, can have an allergic reaction to the vaccine.

Individuals who have had allergic reactions to different vaccines ought to ask their physician about taking the COVID-19 vaccine. Folks with non-vaccine associated allergies — resembling food allergies, pet allergies, seasonal allergies — will be safely vaccinated, in accordance with the U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention.

Attainable unwanted side effects, resembling swelling or pain on the injection web site, fever, headache, or muscle pain, are non permanent.

“These unwanted side effects aren’t almost as unhealthy as extreme circumstances of COVID-19, which will be deadly,” Khalid stated.

If I’ve had COVID-19, do I have to be vaccinated?

Sure. The CDC recommends vaccination for individuals who have had COVID-19. It’s because it is not identified how lengthy immunity to the virus lasts after an an infection.

As soon as vaccinated, can I do away with the masks?

No. Sporting a masks, hand washing and social distancing are obligatory even after being vaccinated.
The vaccine protects you from getting sick, however researchers do not know if you happen to can nonetheless get contaminated and transmit the virus to others.

Is it true there are microchips within the vaccines, or that they will trigger infertility?

No, there aren’t any microchip monitoring units within the vaccines. And the vaccine is not going to trigger infertility.

“There’s a number of misinformation on the market,” Ali stated. Essentially the most reliable useful resource for correct info is the CDC web site.

Extra info

For extra on COVID-19 vaccines, see the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

SOURCE: Penn State Well being, information launch, Jan. 8, 2021

Steven Reinberg

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Huynh Nguyen

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